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Jesuit Schools and Jesuit Founders

The fact that eighty countries of the world have found that the Jesuit impact on these countries deserves commemorative stamps is an emphatic endorsement of world-wide interest in Jesuits. A few copies of the hundreds of stamps concerning Jesuit apostolates have been selected and displayed on these pages. They are arranged in eight different categories with as many stamps on a page as could reasonably fit. The narratives for the stamps derive from sources such as The Jesuit Annuarium (Yearbook) and Bangert's History of the Society of Jesus.

Some Jesuits fall into several categories so are mentioned more than once as long as there were different stamps for the different categories. Unfortunately many Jesuits who deserve mention were never honored by stamps. So, while this collection is not an exhaustive history of the Jesuit Society, it does indicate the world-wide interest in Jesuits. Pozzo's celebrated fresco on the ceiling of St. Ignatius provides a fitting introduction. (Joseph F. MacDonnell, S.J.)
  • Part 5 Schools and Universities

    1. Roman College of the Jesuits built in 1583. A 1987 Italian stamp shows this complex which was a gift of Pope Gregory XIII to the Jesuits. Begun as the Roman College , it became the Pontifical Gregorian University and was the first and most important Jesuit educational work. It has become the National Library.
    2. University of Deusto founded in 1887. A 1987 Spanish stamp honors its centennial. Today there are more than 15,000 Basque students, 8 colleges, 5 institutes and 2 campuses for science, law and business.
    3. Collège Louis-le-Grand was built in 1563. A 1963 French stamp honors this school which was built by the Jesuits in 1563 and granted an endowment from Louis XIV. It enrolled 1500 boys distributed in 14 classes coming from all levels of society. Its graduates include Francis de Sales, Molière and Voltaire.
    4. College of St. Ignatius in Mexico was founded in 1734 and is displayed on a 1985 Mexican stamp.
    5. Georgetown University was founded after the Suppression of the Society in 1789. Bishop John Carroll gathered together fellow ex-religious who formed the "Catholic Gentlemen of Maryland". They started a college as a source of intelligent Catholic laity. Here is shown Healy Hall.
    6. Jesuit University of Tucumán was founded by the Jesuits in 1614. A 1964 Argentinean stamp celebrates its 350th anniversary. Under the crown and the coat of arms can be seen the Society's monogram IHS as well as the original motto: Ut portet nomen meum coram gentibus (Proclaim My Name to all nations).
    7. Colegio de San Bartolome in Bogota was founded in 1604. A 1988 Colombia stamp commemorates this third college on the New Continent. Among the glories of the school is the large number of illustrious graduates who contributed to Colombia's renown, counting no less than 23 presidents of Colombia.
    8. Javeriana Pontifical University was founded by the Jesuits in 1621 and now has 9,000 students.
    9. The Jesuit College La Flèche A French stamp recalls the illustrious alumni such as Mersenne and Renè Descartes La Flèche was founded by King Henry IV, whose remains were kept in the College church.
    10. St. Michael's College of Malagsay (Madagascar) founded in 1888 on a centenary commemorative.
    11. The Jesuit College of Budapest was founded in 1686 and is now a Hotel Hilton.
    12. San Gabriel College in Quito was founded in 1763.
      A 1988 Equadorean stamp commemorates its 125th anniversary. The official page accompanying the new stamp gives us a brief description of the history of San Gabriel: For 125 years this college has tried to fulfill the mission of the Society of Jesus in the service of the youth of our country. They have been years filled with vicissitudes, triumphs, arduous battles and fearsome defeats . The inset is a picture of Our Lady referring to the miraculous apparition on 20 April, 1906 after which the fortunes of the school took a dramatic upswing.
    13. Micronesia Jesuit Agricultural School is displayed in a 1990 stamp.
    14. Jesuit University of Trnave was started by the Jesuit Cardinal Pázmány in 1635 and initially run be the Jesuits. It is now called Peter Pázmány University
    15. Francis Xavier College in Calcutta was founded in 1859. An 1984 Indian stamp honors this Jesuit University on the occasion of its 125th anniversary. The philatelic bulletin records the arrival of the six Belgian Jesuits in 1859, then goes on to give an enthusiastic eulogy on Jesuit education.
    16. University of Saint Joseph in Beirut A 1938 Lebanese stamp honors this University which the Jesuits built in the mountainous area of Ghazir north of Beirut in 1847. It was at St. Joseph's that hundreds of jurists, scientists, engineers, businessmen and doctors were educated.
    17. University of Francis Xavier in Panama A Panama stamp honors this Royal Pontifical University which the Jesuits started in 1749 and is known today as the University of Panama . The ruins of the old buildings remain. After the Restoration of the Society, the Jesuits established a residence near the Church of St. Francis. This 1991 Panama stamp recalls the Jesuit influence in Panama.
    18. Paraguay Reductions Publications A series of Paraguay stamps recalls the publications printed in the Paraguay Reductions. The Jesuits came to Paraguay in 1609, built settlements for the Indians and taught them everything from agriculture to architecture. There were presses in the settlements for the school texts as well as for the literature and art.
    19. Jesuit beginnings in São Paulo Brazil A 1978 Brazilian stamp celebrates the Jesuit founding of São Paulo. In 1554 a solemn Mass marked the foundation of São Paulo on the spot shown in this stamp. This is a restoration of Patio do Colegio (the school courtyard) to be later replaced by the Government Palace. Anchieta warned his successors in Coimbra that fervor was not enough for success in the mission. He warned them: "you must come with a bag full of virtues."

    Part 6 Founders and Animators

    1. Saint Ignatius Loyola, S.J. (1491-1556) Many stamps (4 are here) honors the founder of the Jesuit order. Ignatius was a Basque soldier who underwent an extraordinary conversion while recuperating from a leg broken in battle. He wrote down his experiences known as the Spiritual Exercises and later founded the Jesuit Order approved by Pope Paul III in 1540. From the very beginning Iñigo's Society served the Church in projects initiated by the Council of Trent, and have continued serving the Church ever since.
    2. Emmanuel Nobrega, S.J. (1517-1570) Stamps from ten different countries honor Brazil's greatest early political figure, this remarkable Portugese missionary who first encountered the natives of Bahia and São Paulo. He is shown in this Brazilian stamp with crucifix in hand surrounded by natives.
    3. Blessed Joseph Anchieta, S.J. (1534-1597) A Brazilian stamp celebrates this Jesuit co-founder of São Paulo who led a few Indians from their inhospitable surroundings to settle in the fertile plains.
    4. Antonio Vieira, S.J. (1608-1697) A 1940 Brazilian stamp honors this famous Portugese founder of the missions among the Maranhao and Amazon Indians. Vierira was the court orator and adviser to the King who considered Vierira o primeiro homen do mundo . Vierira left the court and went to Brazil.
    5. Francisco Javier Clavijero, S.J. (1731-1787) A 1970 Mexican stamp honors the Mexican scholar/founder. He is interred in the National Hall of fame in the Rotunda of Illustrious Men in Mexico City.
    6. Jesuits of the Paraguay Reductions A series of Paraguay stamps recalls the Paraguay Reductions for the Guarani Indians. Jesuits arrived in Paraguay in 1610 and built settlements - "Reductions" - for the Indians in order to combat the widespread slave trade. They taught them everything; literature, art, music, agriculture, construction, architecture, metallurgy, farming and ranching. This Utopia was suddenly destroyed by the avarice of the slave traders who were able to influence the Spanish crown. By the time the Jesuits were expelled from Paraguay in 1767 they had 57 settlements with 113,716 natives.
    7. Peter Cardinal Pazmany, S.J. (1570-1637) A 1985 Hungarian stamp honors this Hungarian Jesuit whose face must be very familiar to Hungarians, since it appears on stamps so often. Czechoslovakia and Hungary occasionally display stamps of this great educator and founder of the Jesuit University of Trnava , which was the first Hungarian university. It is claimed as an original foundation by Czechoslovakia.
    8. Alexander de Rhodes, S.J. (1591-1660) A 1960 Vietnam stamp honors this French missionary who insisted on the development of a native clergy. n spite of the fact that the governors were hostile toward Christianity, 300,000 natives received baptism . He labored in the area of Hue and Danang.
    9. Felix Restrepo, S.J. (1887-1965) A 1966 Colombia stamp honors the Colombian Jesuit founder, promoter and director of the St. Ignatius Hospital, the Pontifical Javeriana University, the Language Institute of Colombia and the Caro y Cuervo Institute. At his death the national government issued a decree stating his accomplishments in which he combined "Christian humanism and the national spirit".
    10. Radio Fides in La Paz A 1989 Bolivian stamp celebrates the 50th anniversary of the station which operates with the largest transmitter in the history of Bolivia. It is unabashedly missionary in its programming, and is a constant concern to those who would secularize Bolivian society.
    11. Japan Japanese Youth from the Jesuit Mission A 1982 Japanese stamp celebrates Japan's first contact with the West, depicting the ship of Japanese youth who were sent to Europe in 1582 by the Jesuits.
    12. Panama A recent Panamanian stamp shows the seal of the Society - IHS - illuminating the map of Panama and emphasizing the influence Jesuits have had on this country.
    13. Archbishop John Carroll, S.J. A 1989 Vatican stamp recalls the first Archbishop of Baltimore, the Jesuit who founded Georgetown University in 1789. After the suppression of the Society he gathered together ex-Jesuits who were anxious and willing to serve the Church.
    14. Gregor Piramowicz, S.J. (1723-1801) A 1973 Polish stamp honors this Polish Jesuit educator. After the suppression of the Society in 1773 he became the secretary of the Commission for Poland's National Education. During the last six years of his life he returned to more priestly work in a parish.
    15. Austria used a special series of stamp cancellations with six canonized Jesuits in a triangular frame, one of which was Peter Canisius, S.J. (1521-1597). In 1550 Peter Canisius became the first Jesuit to be a university president. His attitude toward solid learning is seen from his advice: "Rather a college without a church than a college without a library".

    A Philatelic Display of the Jesuit Mission has four parts

    Jesuit Mathematicians and Scientists
    Jesuit Artists and Scholars
    Jesuit Founders and Schools
    Jesuit Missionaries and Saints

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