1.     Copy the assigned exercises to a separate Word document.

2.     Type your Latin translation beneath the English sentence.

3.     To avoid distractions, click on tools, then spelling and grammar,

4.     then options, then disable check spelling and check grammar as you type.

5.     Type your return e-mail address on your homework.

6.     Send your homework as an attachment to an e-mail send to rosivach@fairfield.edu.

7.     When your homework is returned review the corrections.

8.     Keep a copy of the corrected homework for reference and review.


1.    I love.

2.    He praises.

3.    We give.

4.    They give.

5.    You (pl.) stand.

6.    They stand and praise

7.    You (sg.) give.

8.    I give but you (sg.) love.

9.    She loves.

10. I praise.


1.    They see.

2.    We fear.

3.    I advise.

4.    She has.

5.    You (pl.) advise.

6.    You (sg.) see and fear.

7.    He gives and we have.

8.    We advise and they fear.

9.    She loves but I fear.

10. You (sg.) stand and see


1.    He leads.

2.    I rule.

3.    They seek.

4.    You (sg.) place.

5.    She seeks.

6.    They rule but do not lead.

7.    You (pl.) lead and I stand.

8.    I seek and he does not give.

9.    We advise but you (sg.) rule.

10. They place.


1.    1.They hear.

2.    We come.

3.    I hear.

4.    She finds.

5.    You (sg.) come.

6.    You (pl.) see and hear.

7.    He seeks and finds.

8.    I stand and they come.

9.    They place but I do not find.

10. They lead and I come.


1.    I was loving.

2.    He was leading.

3.    They were seeing.

1.    4.They were hearing.

4.    He was praising.

5.    We were fearing.

6.    They were standing and praising.

7.    You (sg.) were seeing and fearing.

8.    He was giving but she was placing.

9.    I was standing and they were coming.

10. You (pl.) were leading and she was standing.

11. He was seeking and finding.


1.    We will give.

2.    She will have.

3.    You (pl.) will love.

4.    They will see and love.

5.    You (sg.) will stand and see.

6.    I will advise and they will fear.


1.    He will lead.

2.    I will rule.

3.    They will seek.

4.    You (pl.) will place.

5.    She will seek.

6.    They will hear.

7.    We will come.

8.    I will hear.

9.    She will find.

10. You (sg.) will come.

11. They will rule but will not lead.

12. You (pl.) will lead and I will stand.

13. I will seek and he will not give.

14. We will advise but you (sg.) will rule.

15. They will find.

16. You (pl.) will see and hear.

17. He will seek but will not find.

18. You (sg.) will stand and they will come.

19. They will place and I will not find.

20. They will lead and I will come.


1.    I praise Marcus.

2.    Marcus praises the servant.

3.    Marcus gives a sword.

4.    The servant gives a sword to Marcus.

5.    The servant and a friend give a sword to Marcus.

6.    Marcus' friend gives a sword.

7.    The friend of the servants gives a sword.

8.    We give a sword to the friend of the servants.

9.    The man gives a sword to the friends.

10. The man finds swords in the fields.

11. Marcus will find a sword in the man's field.

12. The servant in the field has a friend's sword.

13. Marcus will rule by the sword.


1.    With joy we see the town.

2.    He will find gold in the town.

3.    He praises towns but loves fields.

4.    Towns fear war.

5.    Marcus' servants will give signs to the men in the field.


1.    The girl sees the sailor.

2.    The girl's friend will find the gold.

3.    The girl stands on the land.

4.    The girls were fearing war.

5.    She gives gold to the girls.

6.    The girls in the field will not fear the servants in the forest.

7.    The girls will joyfully lead the men into the town.


1.    Marcus has a large sword.

2.    My girl has a bad servant.

3.    The bad men will lead the servants into the big forest.

4.    The good sailor will fear great wars.

5.    The man was standing in a large field.

6.    The good servants will find many swords in the large towns.

7.    With much joy I will give a good sign to my servant.

8.    Poor Marcus fears pretty girls.

9.    The good servant was advising my friend.

10. I used to see many men in the large forests.

11. They will hear the signals of the free men.

12. Marcus will give a large sword to the good girls' friend.

13. The town in the forest has much gold and many men with swords.

14. The many servants will come with the bad men out of the big forest and into the beautiful town.


1.    Marcus is handsome.

2.    I am good.

3.    The girls are bad.

4.    The war is big and bad.

5.    You (pl.) are pretty.

6.    You (sg.) are good.

7.    There are many free men in the large town.


1.    You (pl.) were good.

2.    The servants were bad.

3.    There was much joy in the town.

4.    Many men with swords were in the field.

5.    We were wretched in the forest.

6.    You (sg.) were free, but now you are a servant.


1.    We will be wretched.

2.    The girls will be bad.

3.    Wars will always be bad.

4.    You (sg.) were always bad, but now you will be good.

5.    My servants will be in the fields.


1.    The law is good.

2.    The laws are good.

3.    I give a part to Caesar.

4.    The nature of the laws is bad.

5.    Caesar's legions are on the ships.

6.    In the legion are many soldiers.

7.    He sees a large part of the soldiers.

8.    Caesar's friends lead the legions.

9.    By law men are free.


1.    I hear the river and see the sea.

2.    In the sea are many animals.

3.    The sailor puts the ship into the sea.

4.    We see the light on the river.

5.    The animals of the seas are good.

IV. 5

1.    Marcus is sad.

2.    The sword is heavy.

3.    She is good but sad.

4.    I see a sad girl.

5.    Many men are sad by nature.

6.    You praise careful men and love good ones.

7.    We give the heavy gold to the careful men.

8.    The laws of nature are common to all men.

9.    They will give a large part of the heavy gold to the bad girls.

10. All the brave soldiers in great Caesar's many legions are careful.


1.    I praised.

2.    They loved.

3.    We advised.

4.    She feared.

5.    You (sg.) led.

6.    They ruled.

7.    You (sg.) heard.

8.    I heard.

9.    You (pl.) loved.

10. You (sg.) had.


1.    We had given.

2.    They had stood.

3.    He had seen.

4.    I had praised.

5.    You (pl.) had placed.

6.    They had come.

7.    You (sg.) had found.

8.    We had ruled.

9.    She had given.

10. He had led.


1.    We will have loved.

2.    You (sg.) will have seen.

3.    They will have heard.

4.    They will have ruled.


1.    The soldiers draw near (adpropinquo [1]) to the wall.

2.    Caesar puts Marcus in charge of the legion (praeficio [3]).

3.    Rome lies near the sea (adiaceo [2]).

4.    Arrogance always precedes ruin (antecedo [3]).


1.    Some men give and other men take.

2.    She gave gold to no man.

3.    She loves the other man's friend.

4.    They gave great honors to Caesar alone.


1.    I read in order to learn.

2.    Brutus came to kill Caesar.

3.    I will send the book so that you will read the stories.

4.    The legion will come to attack the city.

5.    The soldiers fought with swords so that the enemies would not capture the gold.

6.    Men came to the city in order to live, but they remain in the city in order to live well.


1.    I command the soldiers to attack the city.

2.    He persuaded Caesar to give the gold to Marcus.

3.    I will demand that they give the gold to Marcus.

4.    He asked Marcus to carry the swords.


1.    Life is so difficult that few men are happy.

2.    Marcus' fear will be so great that he will flee.

3.    There were so many soldiers that the field was full.

4.    She was not the sort of girl to make Marcus happy (i.e. she was not such so as to make Marcus happy.)

5.    I have so much gold that I'm rich.

6.    It happens that I love Marcia.

7.    I command you to make Marcia love Caesar (i.e. I command that you make that Marcia love Caesar).


1.    I know where you are.

2.    I know where you were.

3.    I knew where you had been.

4.    I knew where you were.

5.    He asked how much gold I had.

6.    He asks whether I have any gold.

7.    The servant told Marcus how many swords he had found.

8.    Caesar will ask the soldier whether he saw the enemy.

9.    Brutus did not know whether Marcus Antonius had praised Caesar.

10. I don't know what sort of man Brutus is.


1.    I fear that Caesar is dead.

2.    Cicero feared that Caesar was not dead.


1.    The soldiers who saw Caesar were happy.

2.    The man whom I saw was happy.

3.    The girls to whom I gave the gold were happy.

4.    The man to whom I gave the gold was happy.

5.    The girls who are in the town will not fear the men who are in the forest.

6.    Lugdunum is a town in which there is not much gold.

7.    The man whose father is king has an easy life.

8.    They are evil men whose lives few will praise.


1.    Who are you (sg.)?

2.    Whom do you see?

3.    Whose son are you?

4.    Do you know who I am?

5.    To whom did you give the gold?

6.    What did you give to Marcus?

7.    Which girl saw the gold?

8.    I do not know which man killed Caesar with a sword.

9.    He did not say whom he had seen.

10. She asked Caesar to whom he had given the gold.


1.    That is good.

2.    This girl is good.

3.    This is Caesar.

4.    This is good.

5.    This girl's father is good.

6.    Those things are bad.

7.    That boy's father is my friend.

8.    That is not what I was thinking about.

9.    She gave the gold to these men.

10. She took the gold from these men.

11. He will kill this man and that woman.

12. He came from this city.


1.    I give it to him.

2.    You gave to us.

3.    He saw his own son.

4.    Their friends are brave.

5.    They do not love us.

6.    We saw you (sg.).

7.    He took it from me.

8.    He sings to himself.

9.    He saw them in the town.

10. He killed himself.

11. They killed themselves.

12. I will give them to you (sg.).


1.    If peace should come, we would be happy.

2.    If Caesar were living today, he would be quite old.

3.    If Brutus had lived, Octavianus would not have been emperor.

4.    If Cicero had been careful, Marcus Antonius would not have killed him with a sword.

5.    If Aeneas had not fled from Troy, Rome would not exist today.

6.    If it should rain tomorrow we would not have the party.


1.    Would that (utinam) Marcus would come.

2.    Would that (utinam) Caesar were here.

3.    Would that (utinam) Caesar had not come to the senate, since Brutus and the others would not have killed him.


1.    Let us live, my Lesbia, and let us love.

2.    Don't be cruel (use subjunctive).

3.    Let the slaves approach.

4.    Let he who has never loved love now.

5.    What shall I do?

6.    Shall I eat a peach?

7.    Let the games begin.


1.    Frightened by the soldiers, he fled.

2.    He gave the prize to the man chosen by the soldiers.

3.    He calmed the child frightened by the shadow.

4.    He burnt the captured city.


1.    He sat there smiling.

2.    He will give water to the thirsting man.

3.    He saw a smiling man.

4.    While running he fell.


1.    Those who are about to fight often fear death (use participle).

2.    Daedalus called the name of his son who was about to fall into the sea (use participle).


1.    The city having been captured, the Romans departed.

2.    The rocks falling beneath his feet, Marcus cried out in fear.

3.    Claudius having been slain, Nero ruled.

4.    Having read the book (i.e. the book having been read), Marcus slept.


1.    Marcus is loved.

2.    I will be praised.

3.    You (sg.) are seen.

4.    We were being heard.

5.    They are loved.

6.    Caesar will be killed by Brutus.

7.    They were being advised by Caesar.

8.    I fear that he is deceived by Brutus.

9.    I know who is loved by Marcus.

10. You (pl.) will be killed by a sword.


1.    Caesar was killed by a sword.

2.    Our soldiers had been seen by the enemy.

3.    We were seen but not heard.

4.    Do you know why those girls are loved?

5.    Do you know why those girls were loved?

6.    Did you know why those girls had been loved?

7.    Cicero is praised today, but he was not praised in the times of Caesar.

8.    Marcus Antonius asked that Caesar be buried.

9.    Marcus Antonius asked whether Caesar had been buried.

10. Many were called but few were chosen.


1.    I will encourage my friends.

2.    He threatened, but did not kill Caesar.

3.    That seems good.

4.    You seem pretty.


1.    To drink too much is bad.

2.    To praise the gods is good.

3.    To have drunk too much is embarrassing.

4.    It is necessary to praise the gods.


1.    You ought to praise the gods.

2.    I begin to understand.

3.    3 Did you wish to know?

4.    We will dare to free the hostages from the place in which they have been placed and where they are now kept.


1.    It is bad that men drink too much.

2.    They will forbid (veto [1]) the Romans to leave the city.

3.    They will not allow (sino [3]) the soldiers to leave the city.

4.    He will order (iubeo [2]) them to stay.

5.    It is true that I love you.


1.    He says that you are here.

2.    He says that you were here.

3.    He said that you had been here.

4.    He said that you were here.

5.    I heard that you had seen Marcus.

6.    He says that the ship will arrive tomorrow.

7.    I know you don't love me.

8.    I know you didn't love me.

9.    I know you will not love me, but you ought to listen to me.

10. Brutus says that Caesar was ambitious, and Brutus is an honorable man.


1.    The ship is in the port.

2.    What day is it?

3.    We should love the republic.

4.    He will make an attack (impetus) against the left wing (cornu).

5.    Things are hard, life is difficult.

6.    The city was captured by the attacks of the enemy.


1.    He goes.

2.    We go.

3.    They wish.

4.    We do not wish.

5.    They go.

6.    You (sg.) prefer.

7.    I was going.

8.    You (pl.) were able.

9.    You (sg.) were wishing.

10. They were preferring.

11. I carry.

12. They were carrying.

13. We will become.

14. He asks who carries.

15. He asked what was being done.

16. They will go.

17. They will be able.

18. I will wish.

19. They will not wish.

20. Let us go (let's go).

21. Would that I were able.

22. He asks who is going.

23. He asked who was going.

24. He asks who is willing.

25. He asked who was willing.

26. We will carry.

27. You (sg.) will carry.

28. He asks whether they carry.

29. What was being done?

30. They were becoming.


1.    We carry the same things.

2.    I will carry that same thing.

3.    This is not the same as that.

4.    The same thing happened to Caesar himself as to me.

5.    Both women love the same man.

6.    Two men cannot be in charge of (prae-sum + dat.) the same legion.


1.    This sword is heavier.

2.    That rock is heavier.

3.    He is sadder but wiser now.

4.    He came on the safer road.

5.    Fate does not always give the prize to the better man.

6.    It is better to have loved and lost than never to have loved at all.

7.    He gave the prize to the more daring soldiers.


1.    This is the heaviest sword.

2.    That is the heaviest rock.

3.    He who is saddest is wisest.

4.    He came on the safest road.

5.    Fate does not always give the prize to the best man.

6.    That work is most difficult.

7.    He gave the prize to the most daring soldiers.


1.    He walked freely in the town.

2.    The bird flew higher and higher into the sky.

3.    He worked most carefully.

4.    The army attacked boldly.

5.    Jupiter, the greatest and best of the gods, rules widely in heaven and on earth.

6.    He was seriously wounded by the sword which he recklessly brandished.

7.    He spoke secretly with the same soldier who had taken the gold from the merchant.

8.    Businessmen can earn more money but poets will always live more happily.


1.    He crossed the river by swimming.

2.    By loving others we become happier.

3.    They defended themselves by fighting boldly.

4.    Carthage must be destroyed.

5.    The town had to be defended.